ANGRY DEITIES AND HEROES: EXAMPLES FROM THRACE
Institute of Balkan Studies & Centre of Thracology
(Bulgarian Academy of Sciences)
Abstract: The paper examines testimonies about ancient Thrace, which inform of enraged deities and heroes, and of the punishments, which they send to humans. The correct accomplishment of the rite is a type of magical act for contact with deities and heroes, who can be summoned, subjugated, propitiated. Committing errors during ritual practices, be they a conscious, or an unconscious insult, or forgetting to honour the deities and the heroes, usually provokes their fury, which leads to unfavourable consequences for specific people, the community, frequently for nature. Propitiating deities and heroes requires the performing of specific actions and rituals in order the harmony between divine and human to be restored.
Keywords: Heroes, Orpheus, Thamyris, Aristaios, Sacrifice