AUTHORS
& Abstracts

LES ROUMAINS DES LUMIERES, LECTEURS DE LA LITTERATURE DE LEUR EPOQUE, VUS  AU LONG DU XXe SIECLE

Ileana Mihaila
Université de Bucarest, Institut d’Histoire et de Théorie Littéraire (Académie Roumaine)
Roumanie

Romanians of the Enlightenment, Readers of the Literature of Their Time, As Seen Throughout the 20th Century

Abstract: Although they were at the borders of the Europe of the Enlightenment, Romanians proved to be active and avid readers of the texts that marked their era. Following their quick conversion to Francophonie, they did not limit themselves to simply reading, but instead followed it up by translating these works more or less liberally. Thus, Voltaire, Rousseau, Montesquieu, Condillac, Fénelon (among others) started their long journey towards Carpatho-Danubian celebrity. In fact, their efforts to harmonize Romanian culture with the European culture of their time would not be updated before the blossoming of 18th-century studies in 20th-century Romania. The Romanian reading of the Enlightenment remains an unexhausted theme for research today, which is made all the more interesting by underlining the influence of 20th-century political vicissitudes on Romanian 18th-century studies.

Keywords: Romanian 18th-Century Studies, 20th-Century Reception, History of Translations, University Research, Communist period


 


LA COMPAGNIE DE LA MER NOIRE OU LA MER PERDUE DES ROUMAINS AU XVIIIe SIECLE

Ileana Mihaila
Université de Bucarest, Institut d’Histoire et de Théorie Littéraire (Académie Roumaine)

Abstract: This study provides information – some of which are being analysed for the first time – concerning 18th-century Romanians and the Black Sea commerce of the time, when Romanians lacked both sea and Danubian ports, which had been converted into rayahs. Nevertheless, the absence of political authority does not exclude the presence of Romanians and their maritime commercial activities. Geographically, the maps that circulated in Europe at the time (based on the models provided by Constantin Cantacuzino and Dimitrie Cantemir) depict them as still being present, which followed the historical tradition and thereby underlined the temporary character of this political situation. Several testimonies from French authors (some of them quite illustrious) and an economical project from 1770, which aimed to open French commerce with Romanians through the Black Sea, provide ample proof thereof.

Keywords: 18th-Century Studies, Moldo-Wallachian Maps, Charles-Lépold Andreu de Bilistein, Jean Baptiste d’Anville, Louis-Félix Guinément de Kéralio