ESOTERIC PRACTICES OF BULGARIAN INTELLECTUALS IN THE 1920s AND 1930s : A CASE STUDY
State University of Library Studies and IT, Sofia
Abstract: The article presents some facts of newly-found archival documents, testifying to the existence of esoteric networks and practices involving the Bulgarian intellectuals in the 1920s–1930s. The structure, aims and practices of an esoteric network created by Stoyan Zaimov (1853–1932) – a famous Bulgarian revolutionary and cultural figure, are reviewed in the context of the rise of secret and closed societies in Bulgaria after World War I.
Keywords: Esotericism, Theosophy, Rosicrucianism, Freemasonry, Bulgaria
Muslim Cultural Heritage in Bulgaria: Preservation, Conservation and Socialization during the European Integration Process (1990s-2014)
Georgeta NAZARSKA, Etudes balkaniques (Sofia) 2016 N 3
Abstract: This article deals with the conservation, preservation and socialization of tangible and intangible cultural heritage of Muslims in Bulgaria during the accession of Bulgaria to the structures of the CoE and the EU (1990s-2014). Basic approach in the text is the viewpoint of Cultural Heritage Science. Using the method of analysis of public policies through best practices, different aspects of preservation and conservation of the Muslim cultural heritage (places of worship, public buildings and ensembles, literary and documentary heritage, mother tongue, and social practices) are considered. The article focuses on two main issues: introduction of the European legal framework in the country, and the European structural and investment funding. An assessment of the use of EU funds in order to finance the preservation, conservation and socialization of Muslim cultural heritage is done.
Keywords: Muslim Cultural Heritage, Bulgaria; Preservation, Socialization, European Integration Process