ÉTUDES BALKANIQUES

ISSN: 0324-1645       ISSN (online): 2534-8574

Études balkaniques

Etudes balkaniques is a quarterly peer-review journal, which has been publishing research since 1964. Research papers related to the Balkan countries in French, English, German, Russian and Italian have appeared in it, thus making them available to a wide scientific community across borders.

Special Editions of Études balkaniques

Actual Review

DRACHEN- UND RIESENGESTALTEN IN GEORGISCHEN UND BULGARISCHEN VOLKSMÄRCHEN

Elene Gogiashvili
Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University
Georgia

The Images of Dragons and Giants in Georgian and Bulgarian Folktales

Abstract: In Eastern European folktales, the supernatural adversary appears often in form of a dragon, a snake or a giant. The same fantastic figures have symbolic meanings in Christian religion too. The article gives an account of Georgian and Bulgarian folktales, demonstrating pre-Christian and Christian thoughts in folk narrative tradition on the example of fairy-tale characters Dev (Giant in Georgian and Bulgarian folktales), Gvel-veshapi (Dragon in Georgian folktales), Zmej and Lamja (Snake in Bulgarian folktales). Because fairytales include elements of the nature-based religions of the ancients, it stands to reason that Christian religion is also reflected in them. An overview of folkloric materials outlines the characteristics, constants and variables of the mythological and Christian images of snake, dragon and giant as well as pagan folkloric transformations of the folk beliefs in these beings. This article presents a comparison of the typology of Georgian and Bulgarian folktales in context of their cultural traditions.

Keywords: Folk Narrative Tradition, Mythology, Christianity, Saint George, Dragon-Slayer-Motif

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