LA « MINORITÉ MUSULMANE » EN THRACE GRECQUE: LE CONTEXTE SOCIO-ÉCONOMIQUE ET RELIGIEUX (1990-2019)
Aikaterini (Katerina) MARKOU
Université Démocrite de Thrace
The “Muslim Minority” of Greek Thrace: The Social-Economic and Religious Context (1990-2019)
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to present the main factors that contributed to shaping the situation of the Muslim minority in Greek Thrace during the first decades of the 21st century. We will firstly refer to the educational reforms and changes introduced by the Greek State during the 1990’s and their impact on the Muslim minority in the following years. The next question is related to the socio-economic situation of Muslims in the context of the economic crisis and Memorandum policies implemented since 2010 focusing mainly on Muslim migration to Europe. We will also examine the issues of religiosity-or the new religiosities- that emerge within the minority with reference to the religious realities developed in Turkey over the past 20 years or so.
Keywords: Greek Thrace, Minority Policies, Pomaks, Migration, Islam